Article Types specify the information that Newscoop will require from the journalists adding a particular kind of article to your publication. For example, a feature story is likely to require more elements than a brief news item. You can create as many Article Types as you need, as long as your publication's assigned theme is updated to support them.
To create or manage your Article Types, select Configure, then Article Types from the main navigation menu. This action opens the Article Types page.
Each listed Article Type consists of a sequence of fields, with each field holding a certain kind of data. Currently, there are eight kinds of fields available:
Newscoop makes a distinction between the Template Type Name or Template Field Name and the Display Name for each Article Type and field. The Template Name is limited to letters, numbers, and underscores (no spaces) and is used internally by the assigned Newscoop theme. The Display Name is the part that the journalist will see, and can be translated into other languages.
Click the Add new article type link at the top left of the Article Types page.
The Add new article type page will appear. The first step is to enter the Template Type Name of the Article Type you wish to create. In this example, we'll create an Article Type with the template type name review_article - note that it has an underscore, instead of a space, between the words review and article.
After you click the Save button, you will be prompted to enter the Template Field Name of the first field in the new Article Type. Select one of the eight field Types available from the drop-down menu, for example Topic. For this particular field type, we'll also have to select a root element, such as Entertainment, and then the subtopic which is the parent of our new field, such as Entertainment / Review.
The Single-line Text field has an optional Characters limit setting which can be used to prevent over-long headlines and other elements breaking carefully designed layouts. A Numeric field has a setting for Precision, and you can choose an Event Colour for a Complex Date field.
If you add a Multi-line Text with WYSIWYG field, you have the option to mark the field as content, using a checkbox. This means that each time this particular field is served by Newscoop, it counts as a page read for statistical purposes. This box should be unchecked for fields that are to be displayed as 'teasers' on publication front pages and section pages, to avoid counting article reads which did not really happen.
There is also the option to set the height of the WYSIWYG editor in pixels; either Small (250 pixels), Medium (500 pixels), Large (750 pixels) or Custom. Setting appropriate sizes for these fields helps your staff by reducing the amount of scrolling required on the Edit Article page.
After clicking the Save button, the Article type fields page is shown. The Article Type that you are currently working on is shown in the breadcrumb trail beneath the main navigation menu.
Click on the Edit and translate human-readable field names link to add a Display Name for this new field. Select the language you require from the Add translation drop-down menu, and enter the display name for the new field in this language. Then click the blue Translate button. You can add as many translations as you need for your staff users.
The Article type fields page will now show the Display Name for the field, together with a language code (in brackets) to indicate its translation. Note that the Display Name can contain spaces, or be capitalized differently from the Template Field Name.
Certain fields in Article Types have further options:
Continue to add new fields to this Article Type, until you have all that you need. Then click the link Back to Article Types List, next to the blue arrowhead icon. This action will return you to the Article Types page.
You can add further translations of Display Names for your new Article Type after clicking on the Edit and translate human-readable field names link in the Article Types List.
Article Types are not set in stone; they can evolve as your publication evolves. For example, you can hide old Article Types that are no longer in use. Toggle the colored light icon (green for shown, red for hidden) to determine if a type is shown when authors create articles by clicking in the Show to Authors? column, and whether a type is shown in the administrative interface by clicking the Show in Article Lists? column. A pop-up dialog will ask you if you are sure about this action.
Hiding a type is less dangerous than deleting it; the delete action will remove the associated content from the server. The delete button is a red cross icon, over on the right side of the page. Use this button with caution!
As usual when carrying out an action that will have an impact on your publication, Newscoop will ask you if you are sure.
In the Article Types List there is also a Comments enabled? column, which toggles reader comments on and off for a specific Article Type. For example, you might wish to disable reader comments for all entertainment reviews, but leave them enabled for news articles.
Article types can be renamed, simply by clicking on the Template Type Name in the Article Types page. Remember that if you change a Template Type Name, you cannot put spaces or other kinds of characters into it.
Before changing a Template Type Name for an Article Type that is already in use, check with your theme designer in case this action has an impact on the display of your articles.
Click the Fields link in the row for the Article Type you wish to modify. On the Article Type Fields page which opens, fields can be renamed, given new Display Names, hidden or deleted, just like Article Types. When you have more than one Article Type Field, you can re-arrange the order in which the fields show up on the Edit article page by clicking the blue up and down arrows.
To change a field type, for example, from Single-line Text to Multi-line Text with WYSIWYG, click on the corresponding link for that row in the Type column. The Reassign a field type page will open, on which you can select the new type from a drop-down menu. Then click the Save button to return to the Article type fields page.
After changing Article Type fields, you should create a new article to test that the updated fields are displayed as expected in the Edit Article page. Just as for the Template Type Name, when changing a Template Field Name which is already in use, you should also check with your theme designer for any effect on the display of your articles.
Newscoop enables you to merge two different Article Types so that content in fields from one type (the Source Article Type) is migrated to another (the Destination Article Type). This is a useful process to go through after adding or editing an Article Type, so that all previously written copy matches the new Article Type fields.
On the Article Types page, click the Merge types link. This opens the Merge article type page. Select the source and destination Article Types you wish to merge from the drop-down menus.
Next, choose the fields of the source which you'd like to merge into fields of the destination. Note that you cannot merge a larger source field, such as 'Multi-line Text with WYSIWYG', into a smaller destination field, such as 'Single-line Text'. If this merge was allowed, then content from the larger field could be lost.
The next screen displays the result of the potential merge. Any source fields which have not been mapped to destination fields are shown in a red font. You may need to create additional fields in the destination Article Type before attempting the merge again.
You can cycle through all the articles which will be merged, and preview the changes. Optionally, check the box to Delete the source article type when finished. When you're ready, click the Merge button.
If there are no articles left belonging to the Source Article Type, Newscoop will display a warning message at the first step of the proposed merge.
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